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E-Bike/E-Scooter Safety

Electric Bikes and Scooters provide enjoyment to people of all ages. However, there are common misunderstandings about what is and is not permitted by law.  If you or your child has an E-bike or E-scooter, we encourage you to take the time to learn the basic laws governing them.

Electric Bikes (E-bikes)

California categorizes E-bikes into three classes:

  • Class 1: Equipped with a motor that only assists when the rider pedals and stops when the bike reaches 20 mph.
  • Class 2: Equipped with a throttle that can propel the bike without pedaling but not faster than 20 mph.
  • Class 3: Equipped with a motor that only assists when the rider pedals and stops when the bike reaches 28 mph. They also have a speedometer.

Rules governing Class 1 and Class 2 E-bikes:

  • No minimum age.
  • Helmets are required for riders under 18 years old.
  • Can be ridden on streets, bike lanes, bike paths, and trails.
  • Cannot be ridden on sidewalks.
  • Cannot be ridden at speeds faster than 20 mph.
  • Must obey all traffic signals and signs.

Rules governing Class 3 E-bikes:

  • Riders must be at least 16 years old.
  • Helmets are required regardless of age.
  • Can be ridden on streets and bike lanes.
  • Cannot be ridden on sidewalks, bike paths or trails.
  • Cannot be ridden at speeds faster than 28 mph in electric assist mode.
  • Must obey all traffic signals and signs.

Electric Scooters:

  • Riders must be at least 16 years old and have a driving license, which may include a learner's permit.
  • Helmets are required for riders under 18.
  • Can be ridden on streets, bike lanes, bike paths, and trails.
  • Cannot be ridden on sidewalks.
  • Cannot be ridden at speeds faster than 15 mph.
  • Not allowed on roads with speed limits exceeding 25 mph.
  • Must obey all traffic signals and signs.
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